An Above-Ground Station

The front and rear elevations of a public convenience station built above ground are shown in the east elevation, Fig. 120, and the west elevation, Fig. 121. The only reason for showing these elevations in this work is because buildings of this character are not very numerous, and the elevations are interpolated as a helpful suggestion to those who are called upon to design a public convenience station without having seen one.

The valuable features of this station lie, however, not so much in the elevation as in the interior arrangement, shown in Fig. 122. It will be noticed that the building is well lighted, both by windows and by artificial light. This is absolutely necessary if a clean, sanitary and pleasing interior is to be maintained. There is no greater foe to dirt and filth diseases than well-lighted nooks and crannies where dirt cannot be concealed. Next to light, air is the chief consideration, and, as may be seen by an examination of the layout on the floor plan, every closet compartment, all of the urinals and the rooms in general are liberally provided with ventilation. This in itself, however, would not be sufficient if means were not provided for moving the air, and to this end a fan is installed to mechanically remove the air from the rooms, urinals and closet compartments.

In order to heat the building and supply hot water to the lavatories, a boiler and water heater are necessary, and these are provided for in the boiler room.

Fig. 120 Public Convenience Station No. 1, District of Columbia

Henry B. Davis, Architect

Fig. 120 Public Convenience Station No. 1, District of Columbia

It will be seen that the building is divided by a masonry wall into two compartments, one for men and the other for women. Each compartment is further provided with an attendant's room and a closet with shelves for storing supplies. There are two special features to this public convenience station which will commend themselves to every one. In the women's department there is an emergency room, or retiring room, fitted with a cot, where a patient can be taken in case of emergency while medical attendance is summoned. Telephones are likewise provided to speedily communicate with distant points.

The second special feature is pay compartments in both the women's and men's rooms. These pay compartments are fitted up with water closets and lavatories, and the use of one, together with a fresh cake of soap in an unbroken wrapper and a clean towel, can be had for the small sum of five cents. The pay compartments are about 7 feet long by 4 1/2 feet wide and can be conveniently used by hot and dirty travelers in which to take a refreshing sponge bath.