Fig. 42 Elevation Symbol for Needle, Shower and Spray Bath
There are various designs of needle, shower and spray baths, but one conventional set of symbols will answer for all. When a fixture of this description is to be set over a receptor, it may be shown on the plans as indicated in Fig. 41. The elevation of a needle, shower and spray bath may be shown as illustrated in Fig. 42, except when it is to be set in a stall, in which case the curtain ring and curtains may be omitted and the side walls of the stalls shown. If a fixture of this description is to be installed without a receptor, the lines indicating this part of the combination can be omitted from the drawings and the floor beneath shown sloping to where the drain is located. Once a symbol has been adopted in architectural practice it can be changed and modified at any time to adopt it to new or changed conditions, and still bear sufficient resemblance to the original to be distinguishable and represent the fixture or apparatus it is intended to indicate. These remarks will apply equally to all of the symbols suggested.
Fig. 43 Plan Symbol for Sink
Fig. 44 Elevation Symbol for Sink
Fig. 45 Plan Symbol for Slop Sink
It is often better to follow the main features of the symbol, changing it to suit the place or conditions, than to follow slavishly the design presented.
Sinks may be shown with or without drip boards. When they are to have drip boards, they may be drawn in plan, as shown in Fig. 43. If without drip boards, the lines indicating the drip board may be omitted and the end of the sink now covered by the drip board may be finished on the drawing like the opposite end of the sink. Sometimes sinks are placed in an angle of the room, and a drip board turned around the angle, at other times sinks are set in recesses. In any such cases the symbol can be modified to meet the new conditions. To show a sink in elevation, the symbol illustrated in Fig. 44 may be used. As in the case of the plan view, the drip board may be omitted when the sink is to be installed without one. Slop sinks vary greatly in design, but they may all be conventionally indicated in plan, as shown in Fig. 45, while the elevation of a slop sink may be illustrated as in Fig. 46. If necessary, however, to detail the fixtures in a group of which a slop sink forms one, the supplies, and flush tank, if there be one, should be shown, and pipe should be included in the detail.
Fig. 46 Elevation Symbol for Slop Sink
Fig. 47 Plan Symbol for Urinal
Fig. 48 Elevation Symbol for Urinal
Fig. 49 Plan Symbol for Sitz Bath
Fig. 50 Elevation Symbol for Sitz Bath
Fig. 51 Plan Symbol for Foot Bath
Fig. 52 Elevation Symbol for Foot Bath
When stall urinals with water flowing down the back slab are to be installed they can be indicated on the plans by drawing in the stall slabs and showing the floor slabs with gutter at the back and drain grooves leading into the gutter. In elevation all that is necessary to show are the stalls, with the perforated pipe or other spraying devise at the back. Of course, stall urinals will be detailed, unless stock goods are used, when they may be sufficiently described in the specifications by referring to the catalogue where they are listed. Ordinary urinal bowls, may be shown in plan as illustrated in Fig. 47. In elevation they may be indicated as shown in Fig. 48. Sitz baths are a frequent bath room fixture, so that symbols must be used to designate them. The plan view of a sitz bath may be seen in Fig. 49, and an elevation of the same fixture in Fig. 50. The plan view of a sitz bath looks so much like the plan view of a foot bath, that it is well to mark each symbol with the name of the fixture, by placing the lettering in the respective illustrations.
The symbol for the plan of a foot bath can be seen in Fig. 51, and a symbol for the elevation of the same fixture may be seen in Fig. 52.
The elevation of a foot bath bears some resemblance to the end view of a bath tub, but is not so rounded on the bottom. However, if there is cause to believe at any time that there is danger of confusion or ambiguity, the foot bath had better be marked with letters stating what it is. A child's bath tub cannot be distinguished in plan from a foot bath, so the one symbol will answer for the two fixtures. The name of the fixture, however, should be printed on the symbol in each case. A child's bath may be shown in elevation as indicated in Fig. 53. ■ There is not much likelihood of this fixture being mistaken for anything else. Bidets are shown in plan by the symbol illustrated in Fig. 54, and in side elevation by the symbol shown in Fig. 55. If an end elevation is to be shown, the side elevation may be shortened to one-half the length, and the supply fittings shown at the side, instead of the waste fitting, indicated in the illustration. Single laundry tubs are seldom shown, but, when they are, may be indicated in plan as illustrated in Fig. 56, and in elevation as shown in Fig. 57. Batteries of tubs are indicated by drawing the number of symbols required, side by side.
Fig. 53 Elevation Symbol for Child's Bath
Fig. 54 Plan Symbol for Bidet
Fig. 55 Elevation Symbol for Bidet
Drinking fountains may be either the ordinary type set against a wall and supplied with water through a faucet, or bubble drinking fountains.
Fig. 56 Plan Symbol for Laundry Tray
Fig. 57 Elevation Symbol for Laundry Tray
Fig. 58 Plan Symbol for Drinking Fountain
Fig. 59 Elevation Symbol for Drinking Fountain
The manner of showing an ordinary drinking fountain, in plan, is indicated in Fig. 58, and an elevation of the same type of fixture is shown in Fig. 59. Bubble drinking fountains are shown, in plan, as indicated in Fig. 60, and the elevation is indicated as shown in Fig. 61.
The foregoing symbols, while they might not cover every form of device entering into plumbing practice, nevertheless are sufficiently complete for general use. If at any time a symbol is required to represent a new type of fixture, or form of device, it can be made as in the foregoing examples, by drawing an outline of the figure to be represented, bearing in mind that the drawing must be simple, without unnecessary curved lines, and easy to make by any draftsman.
The general adoption by architects of the symbols herein suggested will be found beneficial in many ways. There is no good reason why standard symbols should not be used to indicate plumbing work, the same as for indicating stairs, doors, windows and other details of building plans. At the present time, however, no uniformity of practice exists among draftsmen, and the result is that plans turned out by the various offices differ so in their plumbing symbols, and the methods used for indicating plumbing work, that they lead to much confusion in the plumbing trade.
Fig. 60 Plan Symbol for Bubble Fountain
Fig. 61 Elevation Symbol for Bubble Fountain