In addition to the Adam room containing a variety of furniture, two particularly interesting interiors are given to show the close correspondence in spirit existing between the various nationalities. One of these is an American salon, that of Thomas Jefferson at Monticello, Virginia, designed by himself in the style of the Classic Revival. The furniture is that of Louis Seize, and what an admirable interior it is 1 (Plate 168.) The other is modern, by American architects, and in this the background is Louis Seize while the furniture is of various British and American styles (Plate 169).

In a preceding section it was mentioned that historic houses would naturally contain furniture of several successive periods. We continually see this in British homes, and have grown so used to the real incongruity sometimes resulting therefrom that it is less noticeable, or more forgivable, to us than would be such differences in the residences of foreign countries. It is undeniable that the national spirit pervading the furniture of any country does make for a certain unity. Notwithstanding differences of influence we may use William and Mary, Queen Anne, Chippendale and Neo-Classic furniture in one house, but we must be careful how we assemble these in the different rooms. Most certainly we should not put Queen Anne and Sheraton or Adam in close environment. Judgment should be used even in combining William and Mary and Queen Anne pieces. These two with some phases of Chippendale form one group, and other phases of Chippendale with Adam, Hepplewhite and Sheraton form another. That straight-line pieces of William and Mary will accompany even Sheraton is shown in Plate 79 B. As has been pointed out there are foreign pieces corresponding with each group that may be used therewith for the securing of interest.

A like procedure should be followed with French interiors. In the houses of that country we occasionally find the background of one period accompanied by furniture of another period or of two or more mingled together. It would be preferable that each interior be accompanied by its appropriate furniture, though, as has been said, the restrained forms of Louis XV go better with the succeeding style than might be expected. If mingling must be done in the same house the way to do it is shown by three rooms of the Murat Mansion as follows:

Drawing-room

Louis Seize panelled walls, Louis Quinze furniture.

Reception-room

Louis Seize fabric-covered walls, Directoire furniture.

Bedroom

Louis Seize panelled walls, Louis Seize furniture.

This is certainly better than the inconsiderate jumbling of anything and everything from all over Europe and from the fifteenth century to the nineteenth, seemingly the vogue in many new palatial American houses. Notwithstanding occasional divagations, Laurence Sterne was right - "They order this matter better in France."