Strips C (Fig. 193) are lattice-strips or laths. Nail them to the box sides with their top edges even with the box bottom (Fig. 195). Fit finish strips D to the edges of the legs as shown, butting their upper ends against strips C. Cut the pair of end strips E to extend from strips C to a point 1/2 inch below braces B and fasten them so the spaces between the strips, and from strips to legs will be equal (Fig. 177). Cut strips F to fit upon the corners of the box where shown (Fig. 193); their purpose is to balance the design; they correspond to leg strips D, except that they project only 1 1/4 inches below the box. Cut rail H of the right length to reach from one leg brace B to the other (Fig. 193). Strips G (Figs. 193 and 194) form a ledge around the upholstering filling. If you can get some quarter-round moulding it will save your planing the tops round as shown. When you have nailed the strips in place, trim off the ends to make round corners. Upholstering. Fill in between the strips G with dampened excelsior. Pack this in solid, and let it project 1/2 inch or so above the top of the strips. Cover the excelsior with a layer of cotton to prevent its showing through the covering material, then cut a piece of cambric or other strong goods, place it over the cotton, and tack it along one edge; draw the cloth tight over the stool top, and tack along the opposite edge (Fig. 197). The low places will now show up, and these must be filled with excelsior and cotton until a nicely formed top is obtained. At the corners especially, it will be necessary to build up by filling in additional excelsior. Give plenty of time to this work. Bear in mind that unless the upholstering is well done, the entire appearance of the stool will be spoiled. When you are satisfied that the top has been filled as well as you can fill it, pull the covering material down over the ends, tack it in place, and trim off the edges.

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Figs. 191 and 192. - How the Leg Strips are Cut and Fastened in Box Corners

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Fig. 193. - Detail Showing Stool Ready for Upholstering

Fig. 194. - Strip for Forming Ledge around Upholstering Material

Finishing. - The woodwork of the stool should be sandpapered next, then painted or stained to match your desk.

Colored cretonne makes a pretty Covering for the Seat, but you can use denim or any of the imitation leather material sold for upholstering and wall coverings. Place the material over the stool top, tack along one side, smooth out all wrinkles, and tack the opposite side, then tack the end edges (Fig. 195). Carefully fold over the lapping corners to make as neat a looking piece of work as possible. After the edges have been tacked, finish them off with a piece of gimp braid, fastening the braid with round-head tacks placed at equal distances apart, as shown in Fig. 177. If you have used imitation leather, you can get tacks with heads to match. The edges of this material can be turned under, and tacked with small-head tacks. Then the large-head tacks can be placed so as to cover the heads of the small-head tacks.

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Fig. 195. - Section Through Corner of Stool Figs. 196 and 197. - Details of Upholstering.

The Waste-Basket in the photograph of Fig. 178 has a grocery-box foundation (A Fig. 198) and sides built up of short lengths of lattice-strips or of laths planed smooth upon both sides or of strips ripped out of box boards. It is suggested that you get a box of about the size used in the model, 7 1/2 inches deep 8 inches wide and 12 inches long. The box the author used was too long for the purpose so had to be cut down. If your box needs alteration you will not find the work much of a trick.

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Fig. 198. - Cross-Section of Waste Basket

Shown in Fig. 178 Fig. 199. - Detail of Tops of Side Strips Fig. 200. - Detail of Handle

Prepare all side and end strips at one time, the corner strips longer than the intermediate strips, as shown. Trim the upper corners with a small saw or chisel, as shown in Fig. 199. Tack the corner strips in place first. Be careful to get the projections of the lower ends equal, and to get them parallel to and 3/8 inch away from the box corners (Fig. 198). Divide the spaces between the corner strips equally. Figure 200 shows how the handles are made of a strip A and two blocks B. Nail the strip A to blocks B, then fasten the blocks to the ends of the basket (Fig. 198).

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Fig. 202

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Fig. 203

Figs. 202 and 203. - Rockers with Box Seats and Barrel-Stave Rockers

Shown in Fig. 201.

The basket will now be ready for finishing. It is suggested that you finish the wood in one of the ways suggested for the stool.

The Box Rockers in Fig. 201 are made of soap boxes, with barrel-stave rockers, and backs made of strips cut from box boards or any other boards that may be at hand.

The seat of each chair is made of two soap boxes placed with their open tops together. In the case of one chair, that shown in Fig. 202, the boxes are held together by means of a pair of strips nailed to the front and by means of another pair about 3 feet long (forming the uprights of the chair back) nailed to the back. A board fastened to the uprights at their top completes the chair back.

The rocker shown in Fig. 203 has its boxes held together with strips fastened to the front corners, and a pair of strips long enough to form the chair-back uprights fastened to the box ends at the back. A diagram of the uprights is given in Fig. 204. When you have nailed the uprights of the chair back to the boxes, fasten a board across them at the top.