CAM-WOOD, an African dyewood, is shipped from Rokella, Sierra Leone, etc.
in short logs, pieces, roots, and splinters. When first opened, it is tinted with red and orange; the dust is very pungent, like snuff; it would be a beautiful wood if it retained its original colours, but it changes to dark red, inclining to brown. Cam-wood is the best and hardest of the red dyewoods; it is very fine and close in the grain, and suitable to ornamental and excentric turning.
Cam-wood is yielded by a leguminous plant, which has been introduced into, and flowered in this country, and has been described and figured by Mr. G. Loddiges, in his botanical cabinet, vol. iv. t. 367, under the name of Baphia nitida.
CANARY-WOOD from the Brazils, Para, &c; known at the Isthmus of Darien as Amarillo. It is imported in round logs from 9 to 14 in. diam., and sometimes in squared pieces. The wood is of a light orange colour, and generally sound; it is straight and close in the grain, and very proper for cabinet work, marquetry, and turnery; is similar, if not the same, to a wood called Vantatico and Vigniatico, corrupted from Vinhatico, a Portuguese name for several yellow woods, besides that imported from the Brazils under the same name.
Laurus indica, or Royal Bay, is a native of the Canary Isles. The wood is of a yellow colour, not heavy, but well suited to furniture; it is culled Vigniatico in the island of Madeira, and is probably what is imported into England under the name of Madeira Mahogany; it is less brown than mahogany.
CANGICA WOOD, from the Brazils, also called in England Angica, is of the rosewood character, but of a lighter and more yellow brown, less abrupt and more fringed, sometimes straight in grain and plain in figure. It is imported in trimmed logs from 6 to 10 in. diam., and is used for cabinet-work and turning.
CHERRY-TREE, is a hard, close-grained wood, of a pale red brown, that grows to the size of 20 or 24 inches, but it is more usually of half that size. When stained with lime, and oiled or varnished, it closely resembles mahogany; it is much used for common and best furniture and chairs, and is one of the best brown woods of the Tunbridge turners. The wood of the black-heart cherry-tree is considered to be the best. "The Spanish American cherry-tree is very elastic, and is used for felucca masts." - Col. G. A. Lloyd.
Cerasus avium is the wild cherry. C. duracini is the heart cherry or Bigarreau. The wood of C. Mahaleb is much used by the French, and is called bois de Sainte Lucie.
CHESNUT, (Castanea vesca,) is common to Europe; mean size 44 ft. high, 37 in. diameter; is very long-lived and durable. The sweet, or Spanish ches-nut, is very much like oak, and is sometimes mistaken for it; it was formerly much used in house carpentry and furniture. The young wood is very elastic, and is used for the rings of ships' masts, the hoops for tubs, churns, etc, but the old wood is considered to be rather brittle. - See Horse Chesnut.
The edible or sweet chesnut, is the Castanea vesca, but the Horse Chesnut (which see) belongs to a very different genus. The wood, formerly much used in house-building and carpentry, and which, famed for its durability, has been mistaken for chesnut, is now considered to be that of an oak, Quercus sestiliflora.