Cocoa Nut Tree

COCOA NUT TREE and COCOA-NUT. See Palms, and SUPPLEMENT. COCUS. See Cocoa-wood.


COFFEETREE (Coffea arabica). The wood is of a light greenish-brown or dusky-yellow, with a bark externally resembling boxwood, but thicker and darker. The specimen I have is nearly as close-grained and hard as boxwood; it has no smell, and but little taste. The tree does not grow more than a few feet high, and it is cut down in the plantations to five or six feet, and is not therefore useful in manufactures.

* The tree called Kentucky coffee-tree, or hardy bonduc, is very different from the common coffee; it forms a large tree called Gymnocladus canadensis; the wood is compact, of a rosy hue, and used by cabinetmakers.


CORAL-WOOD, says Bergeron, is so named from its colour. When first cut it is yellow, but soon changes to a fine red or superb coral; it is hard, and receives a fine polish: he also speaks of a damasked coral-wood. It is difficult to associate these with the red woods; they are perhaps, from the descriptions, nearest to the cam-wood from Africa.

The coral-tree, so called from the colour of its flowers, is Erythrina Corallodendron; but the bois de corail of the French, is the wood of Adenanthera pavonina, which is hard, reddish-coloured, and sometimes confounded with red sanders wood.

Coquilla Nut

COQUILLA NUT. See Supplement page 111.


COROMANDEL, falsely so called, has a black ground, and is either striped, mottled, or dappled, with light yellow, orange, or red; it is a description of accidental or imperfect East Indian black ebony. Some of the pieces are very handsome; it is used for similar purposes to the true coromandel, from which, however, it is entirely different, and generally inferior, although it is considered a variety of the same group.


COROSOS, or Ivory Nut. See Supplement page 112.


COWDIE. See Pines.


CRAB-TREE, the wild Apple-tree; principally used by millwrights for the teed) of wheels. See Apple-tree.


CYPRESS-TREE. Of this there arc many varieties; the principal are the Cu-pressus sempervicus, and the white cypress or white cedar of North America, the Cupressus Thyoides; the latter is much used as a timber wood, it is an immense tree, and is considered to be more durable even than the cedar of Lebanon. The Cupressus sempervirens is said to hare been much used by the ancients; by the Egyptians for the cases for some of their mummies, by the Athenians for coffins, and fur the original doora of St. Peter's at Rome, which, on being replaced after six hundred years by gates of brass, were found to be perfectly free from symptoms of decay, and within, to have retained part of the original odour of the wood. - Tredgold.

It is probable that the wood of Thuja articulata, (see Arbor vitas,) was also used by the ancients, and baa sometimes been mistaken for that of Cypress.


DOG-WOOD, a small underwood, which is so remarkably free from silex, that little splinters of the wood are used by the watchmaker for cleaning out the pivot-holes of watches, and by the optician for removing the dust from small deep-seated lenses; dogwood is also used for butchers' skewers, and tooth-picks.

The charcoal of the black dog-wood is employed in the manufacture of the best sporting gunpowder, alder and willow charcoal for the government powder. - Wilkinson's Engines of War, 1841.

Cornus sanguinea is the wild cornel or common dog-wood, C. mas. is the male dog-wood or Cornelian cherry, while C. florida is an American species; others are found in the Himalayas. The name dog-wood is applied in Jamaica to Piscidia Erithrina.

East Indian Black-Wood

EAST INDIAN BLACK-WOOD, (Dalbergia latifolia,) called Black-wood tree by the English and Sit Sal by the natives of India, on the Malabar coast, where it grows to an immense size. The wood of the trunk and large branches is extensively used for making furniture; it is heavy, sinking in water, close grained, of a greenish or greenish black colour, with lighter coloured veins running in various directions, and takes a fine polish.


ELDER. (Sambucus nigra). The branches of the elder contain a very light kind of pith, which is used when dried for electrical purposes. The surrounding wood is peculiarly strong and elastic. The trunk-wood is tough and close-grained; it is frequently used for common carpenters' rules and inferior turnery-work, for weavers' shuttles, (many of which are also made of boxwood,) for fishermen's netting pins, shoemakers' pegs, etc.

Firs And Pines



FUSTIC, is the word of a species of Mulberry, (Morus tinctoria,) growing in most parts of South America, the United States, and West Indies. It is a large and handsome tree; it is shipped in trimmed logs from 2 to 4 ft long, 3 to 8 in. diameter; the colour of the wood is a greenish yellow, it is principally used for dyeing greens and yellows, and also in mosaic cabinet-work and turning. See Zante, or Young Fustic.


GRENADILLO, Granillo, or Grenada Cocus, from the West Indies, is apparently a lighter description of the common cocoa or cocus-wood, but changes ultimately to as dark a colour, although more slowly. It is frequently imported without the sap.

The tree yielding this has not been ascertained, the bois de Grenadille of the French is also called red ebony by their cabinet-makers.

Green Ebony

GREEN EBONY, from Jamaica, and the West Indies generally. It is cut in lengths of 3 to 6 ft., has a bark much like cocus, but thinner and smoother, the heart wood is of a brownish green, like the green fig. It is used for round rulers, turnery, and marquetry-work, and it cleaves remarkably well. The dust is very pungent, and changes to red when the hands are washed with soap and water. The wood is very much used for dyeing, and it contains so much resinous 'matter, that the negroes in the West Indies employ it in fishing as a torch. The candle-woods of the Weak Indies obtain their name probably from the same circumstance, they are allied to the rose-woods, but are of lighter yellow colours.

The ebony of Jamaica la Amerimunum Stmtm and has bean mentioned under Ebony. The wood is described as being of a fine greenish brown colour, hard, durable, and capable of taking a fine polish; B. leucoxylon of South America yields is bois d'ebene cert.