BOXWOOD, (Buxus sempervirens,) is distinguished as Turkey and European boxwood. The former is imported from Constantinople, Smyrna, and the

Black Sea, in logs felled with the hatchet, that measure from 2 to 6 ft. long, and 2 1/4 to 14 in. diam. The wood is yellow inclining to orange; it has a thin rind with numerous small knots and wens; some of it is much twisted, and such pieces do not stand well when worked; on the whole, however, it is an excellent, sound, and useful wood.

Boxwood is much used for clarionets, flutes, and a great variety of turned works; it makes excellent lathe-chucks, and is selected by the wood-engraver to the exclusion of all other woods. It is also used for carpenters' rules, and drawing scales; although lance-wood, satin-wood and elder, are sometimes substituted for it. Boxwood is particularly free from gritty matter, and on that account its sawdust is much used for cleaning jewellery; it is frequently mentioned by the Roman authors as a wood in great esteem at the period in which they wrote.

Some of the boxwood is as handsomely mottled as fine satin-wood; but it differs much in colour, apparently according to the age and season at which it is cut, as only a small portion of the Turkey boxwood is of the full yellow so much admired.

European boxwood is imported from Leghorn, Portugal, etc. The English boxwood is plentiful at Boxhill in Surrey, and in Gloucestershire; it is more curly in growth, softer and paler than the Turkey boxwood; its usual diameters are from 1 to 5 in.; it is used for common turnery, and is preferred by brass finishers for their lathe-chucks, as it is tougher than the foreign box, and bears rougher usage. It is of very slow growth, as in the space of 20 to 25 years it will only attain a diameter of 1 1/2 to 2 inches. A similar wood, imported from America under the name of Tugmutton, was formerly much used for making ladies' fans.

Murraya (Mackay B. fr. Tavoy,) Specimen 275 of Dr. Wallich's, and 118 of Captain Baker's Collection of Indian woods, and Garipe apugne bravo of Mr. - 's from the Brazils, (Admiralty,) seem fully equal to boxwood, in most respects.

Buxus sempervirens, or common evergreen box, is found throughout Europe, attaining a height sometimes of from 15 to 20 feet. Turkey box is yielded by Buxtus balearica, which is found in Minorca, Sardinia, and Corsica, and also in both European and Asiatic Turkey, and large quantities of it are imported from Constantinople into England.

A new species has lately been introduced from the Himalayas, Buxus cmargi-natus, of Dr. Wallich: this is found of considerable size and thickness, and the wood appears as good and compact as that of the boxwood in use in Europe. Royle, Illust. Himal. Bot. p. 327. On actual comparison the Himalayan boxwood is found to be softer than the common kinds, but is like them in other respects; as may be seen in the wood-cut, figs. 9 and 10, which hare been engraved upon a piece of the wood of the Himalayan Burnt emarginatus.