As a natural consequence of the importance given in Palmistry to the Presence, the Exaggeration and the Absence of the Mounts, the ancient teachers of the science directed their patient study toward those types, physical, mental and moral, which are represented in the hands by the absolute pre-dominnnce of one particular Mount over all the others. The Modern Palmists have added their quota of minute and well classified observations to the treasures inherited from their forefathers, and have finally reached very similar conclusions; so that now they claim such occasional predominance of one Mount over all the others, to be accompanied almost invariably by certain physical, mental and moral features, the knowledge of which is considered by Desbar-rolles to be one of the essential acquirements of every well-equipped chiro-mant.

I need not insist in this chapter uppn the fact that the astrological aspect of the question, alluring though it may seem to be, is to find no place in my book, Not that I deny the probability of the greater orbs, be they stars or planets, exerting over this little earth and its denizens certain influences of no mean importance; but simply because I consider the study of this most curious and captivating theory too complex and too minute not to become a hindrance to the practical learning of hand-reading. I have decided, from the start, to turn away from such impedimenta, to pass them by, so to speak, almost unheeded, for the goal I keep in constant view proves fully sufficient to absorb my best and most strenuous efforts.

Therefore the reader will understand that the words Jupiterian Saturnian. Solar Mercurian, etc., used through this chapter, are not to be understood in the astrological meanings of "born under Jupiter, or Saturn, or the Sun," etc., but simply indicate that, in the hands of the subject under examination, the Mount of Jupiter, or Saturn, or the Sun, etc., has been found distinctly predominating - "ruling," if you prefer - over all the others.

The pictures inserted through this chapter will be found to represent, rather roughly, the Mount that overshadows all the others, and the type of palm and fingers more generally found associated with such a predominance. The apex of the Mount is not indicated in the same manner as in the section I devoted to the Displacements of the Mounts; but the purpose of these engravings being different, I allowed the artist to express the idea in his own way, and the result is certainly clear, if not pleasing. Still the skin-markings of the apex are the only ones the student must pay attention to whenever placing the Mounts below the fingers where they belong.

I shall now divide the examination of what I call the Signature of each Mount into three paragraphs:

I. The Physical peculiarities of the type

II. The Health peculiarities of the type.

III The Mental and Moral peculiarities of the type