This section is from the book "Scouting For Rural Boys. A Manual For Leaders", by Boy scouts of America. See also: Outdoor Adventure Manual: Essential Scouting Skills for the Great Outdoors.
The rural Scout is so close to the life work of farming that for him to understand and know of all the latest and most improved practices is important.
Farm boys have a fine opportunity to get what may be the best training, as they can learn through the "try-out" method and without paying any fees. The well run farm and home provide excellent training chances for their young people, and the exploration "try-outs" and service projects, outlined in Chapters XXV and XXXI, fit in directly therewith.
While Scouting in no sense is to pull a boy away from the farm nor to "keep him on the farm"-rather does it seek to enrich the farm and home life-yet Scouting should not be party to closing the windows which look out upon other vocations for boys of either rural or urban locations. The young man should be informed about several possible occupations in which he has more or less interest and is by nature and training best fitted to pursue.
1. Counsel with successful men in certain lines of work. These may be live stock farmers or other special or general farmers nearby. They may be electricians, doctors or teachers in a nearby town or city. They may be members of Rotary, Kiwanis, Lions, Exchange, Optimist or other "classification" service clubs, and accessible through making contact with the club secretary or the Chairman of their Boys' Work Committee. They may be Merit Badge Counselors in the Scout district or council area. These "vocational friendships" are of great importance to the young man.
2. The District Organization or the Area Council may plan one or more "career day" get-togethers, where in cooperation with the schools, and perhaps under school sponsorship, there may be a series of conference hour periods with a properly equipped electrician, or fruit farmer, or physician, or veterinarian, during which this man of experience may outline important problems of the vocation and answer questions. Such conferences have been held at certain schools and have proven of immense value to all concerned. County agents, executives of "cooperatives," agricultural extension agents and others can be secured to help. Visual and Research Aids in Education, 75 Varick Street, New York, N. Y., has prepared an inexpensive set of blanks for career analysis uses. If the Scouters can encourage the schools to do this, offering them the help, as desired, of various council specialists, Merit Badge Counselors and outstanding Scouters, a really worthwhile job can be done.
3. Reading of various occupational pamphlets now available for the guidance of young people. As is outlined in Chapter XXVII (Community Events In Rural Areas) of "Adventuring for Senior Scouts," there are many sources of printed information about vocations.
LEARNING ABOUT A DIESEL ENGINE
Among the non-commercial sources are: The National Occupational Conference, 551 Fifth Avenue, New York City, which serves as a clearing house for vocational information for organizations and institutions. It has two or three score of 10-cent pamphlets-list and order blanks on request. Boards of Education in larger cities have similar pamphlets (often 5 cents or 10 cents). A postcard inquiry will bring a list.
State Departments of Education, in some states. The U. S. Office of Education has prepared a set of occupational pamphlets. A list of titles (with the low cost of each) can be secured from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. He can supply also a similar list covering publications of the U. S. Department of Agriculture. Also there are various national associations, such as National Educational Association, The American Medical Association, the American Bar Association, American Library Association and various engineering societies, which publish helpful pamphlets. Contacts with these can be made through their local members.
In addition there are commercial publishers with such booklets covering various occupations. A card will bring a list and price of each.
Visual and Research Aids in Education, 75 Varick Street, New York City.
Institute for Research, 537 S. Dearborn, Chicago, 111. Commonwealth Book Company, 80 E. Jackson Blvd., Chicago, 111.
McKnight & McKnight, 109 W. Market Street, Bloom-ington, 111.
Analyses of a dozen occupations are set forth in the appendix of the book "Adventuring for Senior Scouts," Boy Scouts of America.
4. Vocational Visits.
Part of the rural Scout's exploring for a life work should include quite a range of "vocational visits" and plenty of practical "try-outs."
The "place" of a particularly efficient live stock farmer, dairy farmer, apple, peach, nut tree or citrus grower, the nearby manufacturing plants, the canning factory, the department store, the factories, shops, mines, the chain store, the commission merchant, the "cooperative"-the whole range of business activity offers the rural Scout the opportunity to visit-and learn. Such visits should be by appointment, arranged in advance by letter, phone or by personal contact.
SHEEP HERDING IN THE NORTH WEST
5. "Try-Out" Experiences.
The farm provides almost continuous chances to "try out" its vocational opportunities. However, the farm boy who wishes to "try out" clerking, or mechanic's helper, or other work can sometimes do so during school vacations, Saturdays, or when farm duties are slack. Many town boys work on the farm in their vacations, thus bringing town and country closer together.
6. Merit Badge Explorations.
Among the more than 100 Merit Badge subjects awaiting the explorations of the rural Scouts, 40% are on rural subjects and immediate interest.
The vast majority of all the Merit Badge subjects are doorways or windows which offer views and vistas of the nature of certain occupations. These should be explored and pursued to definite ends. In Chapter XXXI (Rural Explorer Scouting) in this volume, as in Chapter XIII (District Commissioner Staff And Service To Rural Groups) of "Adventuring for Senior Scouts," groupings of Merit Badges have been made which offer opportunities in the fields of:
Live Stock Exploration Farm Management
Exploration Conservation Exploration Dairy Exploration
Poultry Exploration Gardening and Horticulture
Exploration Life's Work Exploration
In addition to these, there are groupings of Merit Badges related to the titles of :
Scout Artisan Scout Artist Scout Citizen Scout Craftsman
Scout Seaman i Scout Sportsman Scout Woodsman
Scout Journalist Scout Naturalist Stout Radioman