Some general policies may well be set up to keep in mind, with all training courses in Scouting:

1. EVERYONE WORKING IN SCOUTING SHOULD RECEIVE TRAINING FOR HIS TASKS. Not only Scoutmasters or Cubmasters of Troops or Packs or Tribes, Neighborhood Patrols or Dens, but also the Committeemen, who sponsor groups, the parents, leaders in institutions involved, as well as Lone Scout's "Friends and Counselors." Parents are always welcomed.

2. TRAINING SHOULD BE PROGRESSIVE to keep older leaders in touch with newer developments and to provide more advanced training for those who have had the first courses. All Scout training courses held in districts where both urban and rural leaders are involved should include both rural and urban methods and procedures.

3. TRAINING SHOULD BE STANDARD, by that meaning that it should not fall below an official minimum content, in the interest of being fair with boys and giving them the best we know on the basis of their own needs and of their own neighborhood conditions.

4. TRAINING MUST BE BROAD AND BALANCED, so that men with special hobbies shall not allow these hobbies to "muscle out" a balanced Scout program for their boys. Such courses include the philosophy of "why," the methods of "how," the outdoor practice of "doing" as well as policies, boy interests, cooperation with local institutions, homes, neighborhoods and farms-bringing Scouting to farm as well as town boys-all this is part and parcel of the training of rural leaders on a rural extension basis.

Deep Tilling Plow In West

DEEP TILLING PLOW IN WEST.

5. TRAINING OF ADULTS and especially volunteer adults must be attuned to adult levels, but not over their heads. The old school recitation methods must give way to conference and discussion methods. Such training must start with a recognition of the adulthood of these men. Their interests must be recognized. Their environment must be respected and built upon-the farm, the small town-whatever it may be. Avoid any suggestion of superiority as to instructors and members taking the course.

6. TRAINING MAY BE INFORMAL as well as in a formal course. Conferences, demonstrations, planning sessions, round tables, leader dinners, gatherings at camps, visiting successful units-these too are helpful in training our rural leaders and Scouters.

7. TRAINING BEFORE TRYING has become a policy in most councils and districts. In starting a Cub Pack, the regularly recommended procedure is first to give a training course to all concerned with the new Cub Pack or Neighborhood Den. In certain councils, Rural Troops or Tribes, Neighborhood Patrols are started by first operating a training course for the adults involved and then calling in the boys to be organized and started in Scouting.

8. SPECIALIZATION COURSES FOR RURAL LEADERS. Men who are to work in the rural towns, villages and open country districts need special training chances to acquaint themselves with methods of approach and action which have proven successful by use elsewhere. With that in mind, a special rural course has been prepared. Also, the regular first course, "Elements of Scout Leadership," has been divided into three parts, thus making it easier to plan a quick, effcienct, short-course introduction to Scout leadership. Copies of the "Special Rural Course" may be secured through the Local Council Office or the Rural Scouting Service, Division of Operations, Boy Scouts of America. Part I of "The Elements of Scout Leadership" will prove useful as an introduction to the main ideas of Scouting, which all should understand thoroughly.

Helps In Starting A Course

1. Make or secure detailed outline of course. This has been done in the standard courses to ensure balance.

Cubs Demonstrate Their Skill Indiana

CUBS DEMONSTRATE THEIR SKILL-INDIANA.

2. Fix the dates of course. With rural courses avoid busy seasons of farm people and days of week not practical for rural men.

3. Find meeting place suited to general assembly and with Patrol rooms.

4. Secure faculty member for each subject.

5. Try to get men to register in advance.

6. Find group leaders for the course from those who have taken the course previously.

7. Appoint the Course Scoutmaster or Leader.

8. Meet Patrol Leaders in advance and lay out plans. These men with the Course Scoutmaster should report early at each session.

9. Make all arrangements well in advance for materials and literature, craft equipment, blackboards, samples, uniforms and play equipment.

10. Make sure that real farm size rope, farm materials and equipment are available for use in both practice and demonstrations at the Course. If training courses are held at a farm or camp, arrange for live stock and farm tools and machinery.