A deed of trust in the nature of a mortgage-that is, a conveyance of realty to a trustee to secure the payment of a debt-is in many states treated as a mortgage.69 The usual form of a deed of trust is a conveyance to the trustee to hold in trust to reconvey to the grantor if the debt secured is paid; otherwise, to sell the land and apply the proceeds to the payment of the debt, and pay the balance to the grantor.70 Statutes which relate to mortgages are held to include deeds of trust, without express mention. Therefore they are subject to the same requirements as to execution and recording.71