There were certain incidents, connected with military and with socage tenure, which constituted their chief importance, and continued to exist at a time when the services due on account of the tenure had fallen into disuse or had become unimportant. These incidents were aid, relief, wardship, and marriage. Aids were sums of money which the tenant was bound to pay the lord to secure the lord's release from prison, to help him knight his son, and to provide a marriage portion for his eldest daughter.16 A relief was a sum which an heir must pay the lord on succeeding to the inheritance. In the case of socage tenements, this sum was
10 l Pol. & M. Hist Eng. Law, 337; Dig. Hist Real Prop. (4th Ed.) 51; 2 Bl. Comm. 90; Co. Litt 116a.
11 1 Pol. & M. Hist Eng. Law, 276.
12 1 Pol. & M. Hist. Eng. Law, 235.
13 1 Pol. & M. Hist. Eng. Law, 245; Dig. Hist Real Prop. (4th Ed.) 129; 2 Bl. Comm. 74.
14 Dig. Hist Real Prop. (4th Ed.) 392.
15 1 Pol. & M. Hist. Eng. Law, 351; Dig. Hist Real Prop. (4th Ed.) 151; 2 Bl Comm. 90; Co. Litt. 57b.
16 1 Pol. & M. Hist. Eng. Law, 330; Dig. Hist Real Prop. (4th Ed.) 41, 48, 129; 2 Bl Comm. 63, 87.
30 Tenure And Skein. (Ch. 2' fixed at one year's rent.17 When an heir holding by knight's service was under age, the lord possessed the right of wardship, and under this right he had the custody of the infant's person and of his lands, and the latter was a source of no small profit in the case of rich wards, because the lord was not required to account for the rents and profits of the estate.18 But the wardship of an heir who held in socage belonged to the nearest relative to whom the inheritance of the ward's lands could not descend, and the guardian was accountable to the ward for the profits received by him.19 To wardship was added the power to dispose of the ward in marriage, or, at least, to propose a match for the ward. If the ward refused the match, the guardian could claim a fine, as he could, also, if the ward married without his consent.20
On failure of the heirs of the tenant, or for his felony, the land escheated to the lord, and it was liable to forfeiture to the king for treason.21