Aaron Bancroft, an American clergyman, born in Reading, Mass., Nov. 10, 1755, died in Worcester, Mass., Aug. 19, 1839. He was educated in the Calvinistic system, but was subsequently led to a belief more nearly resembling that of Arminius, Grotius, and Locke. "When the American revolution broke out, he often took a place in a company of "minute men," and, though then a collegian, was a volunteer at Lexington and Bunker Hill. He graduated at Harvard college, studied theology, and began at once to preach. Of the next five years of his life, three were passed in Nova Scotia. In 1785 he was settled permanently in Worcester. Besides occasional sermons, chiefly in defence of religious liberty, he printed in 1800 a eulogy on Washington, and in 1807 a life of Washington, which was reprinted in England in 1808, and has been very widely circulated in the United States. In 1822 he published a volume of doctrinal sermons, directed chiefly against the dogma of unconditional election. His protest against Calvinism long preceded the rise of the Unitarians, and though in the latter part of his life he was president of the American Unitarian association, he would never discard the name or the system of Congregationalism. He was a doctor of divinity of Harvard college.