Bagaudie, Or Bagaudi, a body of Gallic peasants who revolted against the oppression of the Romans about A. D. 270, headed by one Victo-ria, called by the soldiers Mother of Legions. They besieged and took Augustodunum (Au-tun), and utterly destroyed what was previously a flourishing metropolis. Claudius temporarily quelled them, and Aurelian remitted their taxes, and granted them a general amnesty. Under Diocletian, in 294, they rose again, and Diocletian, himself engaged in putting down the Persians and the barbarians of the lower Danube, sent Maximian against them. They rallied under two leaders, AElianus and Aman-dus, who assumed the title of emperor. The coins of these Bagaudian emperors are still extant, and bear pagan inscriptions, although they were reputed to be Christians. Maximian soon compelled the Bagaudse to capitulate. The two emperors fell in battle. The place of this sanguinary contest was long known as the Fosses des Bagaudes. The Bagaudae long continued to be troublesome, and infested the forests and fastnesses of Gaul with an irregular kind of brigandage until the end of the western empire.