Bertrand Barere De Veizac, a French revolutionist, born at Tarbes, Sept. 10, 1755, died in January, 1841. He was educated for the law. In 1789 he was elected a deputy to the states general, and published a journal, Le point du jour, in which he gave an account of the proceedings of that body. He took part in nearly every debate, always being foremost in the popular movements of the time. On the death of Mirabeau he was chosen to deliver the panegyric. On the adjournment of the assembly he was appointed one of the judges of the tribunal de cassation. In 1792 he was elected a member of the convention, where he voted for the immediate death of the king. He was elected a member of the committee of public safety in 1793, and at first avoided committing himself to either party; but when the ascendancy of the Jacobins was secured, he proposed the prosecution of the Girondists and the death of Marie Antoinette, the confiscation of all property belonging to outlawed citizens, the formation of a revolutionary army, the declaration that "terror was the order of the day," and the transportation of all who had not given evidence of their patriotism (civisme) previously to a certain day.
The florid and bombastic style in which ho set forth the atrocious measures of the terrorists won for him the title of the Ana-creon of the Guillotine. He was distrusted, however, by his associates, and was only saved from proscription by Robespierre, whose name nevertheless he was afterward one of the most zealous in defaming. Despite the violence of his ingratitude, a commission was appointed after Robespierre's fall to inquire into the conduct of Barere, Collot-d'Herbois, and Billaud-Varennes, and in March, 1795, they were sentenced to transportation. Barere was nearly torn to pieces by the mob on his way to jail. He escaped from prison, and was chosen to the corps legislatif in 1797; but the election was declared null, and his arrest was ordered again. He remained in hiding until after the 18th Brumaire, when he was included in the amnesty. He was employed by Fouche to write pamphlets in the interest of Bonaparte, and the first consul made him the editor of the Memorial anti-hritannique. The paper failed, but Barere had in the mean time become one of the writers for the Moniteur. During the hundred days he was called to the house of deputies, and published the Theorie de la constitution de la Grande Bretagne, which produced a great impression.
On the second return of the Bourbons he was banished as a regicide, and took refuge in Belgium. After the revolution of 1830 he returned to France, and was in 1832 elected deputy, but on account of some informality his election was declared void. He became a member of the general council of his department, and resigned in 1840. He published a great number of historical, political, and miscellaneous works, and two volumes of Memoires (Paris, 1834), a new edition of which appeared in 1843.