Bhartrihari, a Hindoo poet of the 1st century B. C, said to have been a brother of King Vikramaditya. According to another tradition, he was the son of a Brahman, and became a poet or a compiler of poetry after having led a gay life. His writings are said to have been the first specimens of Sanskrit literature to become known in Europe, through the translation into German of many of his aphorisms by the missionary Abraham Roger in his Offene Thar zum verborgenen Heiden-thume (Nuremberg, 1653). The principal work ascribed to Bhartrihari, "The Centuries," is often called an anthology. The first part delineates the Hindoo conception of love; the second part is didactic, and the third part ascetic and mystical. It was first edited at Serampore, with the Hitopadesa (1804). Peter von Bohlen published Bhartriharis Sentential et Carmen Eroticum (Berlin, 1833), and in 1835 a free German metrical translation; and Hip-polyte Fauche has published a French translation, Bhartrihari et Tchaura (Paris, 1852).