Bhawalpoor, Or Bahawulpore. I. A native state of N. W. Hindostan, extending 280 m. along the S. bank of the continuous rivers Ghara (lower Sutlej), Punjnud, and Indus, from Sirhind on the N. E. to Sinde on the S. W., and 120 m. in greatest breadth from the rivers S. to Jussulmeer; area, 22,000 sq. m.; pop. variously estimated at from 250,000 to upward of 600,-000. The whole country is a flat desert of arid sand, with the exception of a fertile strip a few miles wide along the rivers, which is annually watered by their inundations. In some portions of this strip the land is well cultivated, covered with thick jungles, abounding in wild hogs, wild geese, and partridges. The principal crops are rice, wheat, maize, indigo, sugar, opium, cotton, and fruits. The population, which consists of Jauts and Belooches, both professing Mohammedanism, and of Hindoos, is more peaceful, orderly, and industrious than that of the neighboring territories. The principal towns are Bhawalpoor, the former capital, Ahmedpoor, the present residence of the khan, Khanpoor, and Dirawul, a fortified post in the desert. The khan is under the protection of the English, and maintains an army of 2,000 regular troops, which he can increase to 20,000 in case of emergency.

II. A town, the former capital of the state, on the Ghara, 50 m. S. by E. of Mooltan, in lat. 29° 26' N, lon. 71° 37' E.; pop. about 20,000. The houses are poorly constructed of brick and surrounded with gardens. The town was once enclosed by a wall 4 m. in circumference, the ruins of which are still visible. Outside of these are large groves of date palms and other trees. There are many Hindoo weavers here, who manufacture excellent scarfs, turbans, chintzes, an 1 colored goods.