Pierre Amedee Emilien Probe Jaubert, a French orientalist, born in Aix, June 3, 1779, died in Paris, Jan. 28, 1847. A graduate of the school for the oriental languages, he was in 1798 appointed assistant interpreter in the French expedition to Egypt. After the 18th Brumaire he was appointed secretary interpreter of the government, and professor of the Turkish language in the oriental school in Paris. After other official journeys in the East, he started in 1805 on a mission to Persia, was stopped on his way by the pasha of Bajazid, who wanted to appropriate the splendid presents sent to the shah, and was for nearly four months incarcerated in a cistern. Having finally accomplished his mission, Napoleon granted him a pension and several offices and honorary rewards, and shortly before his fall appointed him charge d'affaires to Constantinople. In 1818 he travelled again through the East, and brought to France a herd of the Thibetan goats whose hair is used in the manufacture of shawls. He was made a member of the academy of inscriptions in 1830, and under Louis Philippe became a peer, professor of the Persian language at the college de France, and director of the oriental school.
His most important publications are: Voyage en Armenie et en Perse (8vo, Paris, 1821); Elements de la grammaire turque (4to, 1823); and a French translation of Edrisi's Arabian geography (2 vols. 4to, 1836-'40).