Pierre Angnstc Broussomet, a French physician and naturalist, born at Montpellier, Feb. 28, 1761, died there, July 27, 1807. He was the first who introduced the botanical system of Linnseus into France. He caused the first flock of merino sheep to be brought from Spain, and the first Angora goats from the Levant. In 1789 he became a member of the national assembly, and in 1792 of the convention; but, incurring the suspicions of the terrorists, he in 1793 escaped to Madrid. Here, having had no opportunity to secure any of his property, he was reduced to great poverty when Sir Joseph Banks, whose acquaintance he had made during a three years' residence in England, sent him a gift of $5,000, and procured him a passage to india in an English ship. The vessel in which he had embarked was forced into Lisbon harbor by a storm, and finding that his old political associations exposed him even here to fresh persecutions, he passed over to Africa, where he procured employment as a physician at Morocco, and resumed his botanical and zoological studies. Under the empire he was appointed French consul at Mogadore and the Canaries; and in 1805, on his return to France, he was made a member of the legislative body.

He belonged to the principal learned societies of France, and was the author of several botanical, zoological, and medical works of great value; the most important of them is his Ichthyologia, sen Pis-cium Descriptiones et Icones (London, 1782), which, however, he left unfinished, only one volume having been published.