Pierre Gaspard Chaumette, a French revolutionist, born at Fevers, May 24, 1763, guillotined in Paris, April 13, 1794. He was the son of a shoemaker, but ran away from home, and became cabin boy and steersman on a river vessel. In 1789 he was a lawyer's clerk at Paris, and became a journalist and popular revolutionary orator, He was engaged in the insurrection of Aug. 10, 1792, and in September was appointed procureur of the commune, in which capacity he vindictively prosecuted Louis XVI. and his family. He got up those fetes in which everything sacred and decent was profaned in the name of reason. He took part in the movement of May 31, 1793, which overthrew the Girondists, and later he joined Hehert and Anacharsis Clootz in a conspiracy against the Mountain, as too lenient toward the aristocrats. His atheistic speeches and popular excesses alarmed even Danton and Robespierre, and the conspiracy being discovered, its authors were arrested March 13, 1794, and Hebert and Clootz were executed.
Chaumette, whose popularity made him formidable, was not imprisoned at that time, but some days after was brought before the tribunal, condemned, and executed. His memory was execrated by all parties.