Pierre Francois Xavier De Charlevoix, a French historian, critic, and traveller, born at St. Quentin, Oct. 29, 1682, died at La Fleche, Feb. 1, 1761. He entered the society of Jesus in 1698, and while a scholar he was sent to Quebec in 1705 and was employed for four years in teaching in the college at that place. On completing his divinity studies he became professor of belles-lettres in France. After publishing a history of Christianity in Japan he returned to Canada in 1720, to write his history of that province. He remained for a time at Sault St. Louis, where his room is still shown, ascended the St. Lawrence, and reaching the Mississippi by way of the Illinois, descended to New Orleans, returning to France by way of Santo Domingo, after two years1 absence. In 1724 he published a life of Mother Mary of the Incarnation, first superior of the Ursulines at Quebec, and from 1733 to 1755 he was one of the directors of the Journal de Trevoux. He published in succession a history of Santo Domingo and a history of Japan, and in 1744 his Histoire de la Nouvelle France, which had been held back for nearly 20 years. With it appeared his journal while in America, addressed to the duchess de Lesdiguiere, which was soon after translated into English and highly esteemed.

The history, though praised and cited by historical scholars, remained untranslated till recently, when an edition in English was published at New York by J. G. Shea (6 vols., 1865-'72). His last work was a history of Paraguay (1756).