Potocki, a Polish family of counts, the most prominent of whom are the following.
Stan-Islaw Felix, field marshal of the Polish artillery, born in 1745, died in 1803. He published with Rzewuski and Branicki, in 1792, the famous manifesto of the confederation of Targovitza, and was active in promoting its objects with the aid of the empress Catharine II. in 1793; but after the uprising of Poland under Kos-ciuszko in 1794, he took refuge in the United States, and was condemned to death as a traitor to his country. The victories of Suvaroff restored him to his native land, and Catharine made him field marshal. He passed the rest of his life principally on his estates in the Ukraine, suffering remorse for his political acts.
Lunacy, grand marshal of Lithuania, cousin of the preceding, born in 1751, died in 1809. He was one of the framers of the constitution of May 3, 1791, and, when the Russian invasion took place, was obliged to flee to Prussia. The success of Kosciuszko called him back to Warsaw, where he became a member of the new government, but was captured by Suvaroff and conveyed as a state prisoner to Schltissel-burg. In 1796 he received his freedom from Paul, and went to Galicia, where he lived in retirement until the approach of Napoleon's army in 1806, when he was imprisoned a second time, but was released after a few months.
Stanislaw Kostka, brother of the preceding, born in 1757, died Sept. 14,1821. He zealously cooperated in framing the constitution of May 3, 1791, and after the second partition of Poland was arrested by order of the Austrian government. Released after some months, he devoted himself to the study of the arts, sciences, and literature. At the organization of the duchy of "Warsaw in 1807, he became head of the board of education, and in 1815 was made minister of public instruction in the newly organized kingdom of Poland. He wrote " On Eloquence and Style " (4 vols., Warsaw, 1815), and on the "Art of the Ancients" (3 vols., Warsaw, 1815, unfinished), after Winck-elmann. His eloquence was greatly admired.
Jan, a historian, born in 1761, died in 1815. His most important works are: Voyage en Turquie et en Egypte fait en 1784 (Warsaw, 1788); Chroniques, memoires et recherches pour servir a V'histoire de tous les peuples slaves (1793); Fragments Mstoriques et geograpliiques sur la Scythie, la Sarmatie et les Slaves (4 vols., Brunswick, 1796); and Histoire primitive des peuples de la Russie (St. Petersburg, 1802). Only 100 copies of each of these books were printed.