Rene Edouard Caron, a Canadian jurist and statesman, born in the parish of Ste. Anne Cote de Beaupre, Lower Canada, in 1800. He was educated at the seminary of Quebec and the college of St. Pierre, Riviere du Sud, and admitted to the bar in 1826. In 1827 he was elected mayor of Quebec, which office he filled till 1837. In 1841 he was appointed member of the legislative council for Lower Canada, of which body he was speaker from 1843 to 1847, and subsequently from 1848 to 1853. In 1841 he entered into a correspondence with Mr. Draper, then at the head of the government of Canada, with a view of bringing into the cabinet some French Canadians; but the project was not favored by the real chief of the French Canadians, Mr. Lafontaine, and failed. Caron became a member of the Lafontaine-Baldwin administration in 1848, and abandoned political life in 1853, becoming judge of the court of queen's bench, Lower Canada, in which the French civil and the English criminal law are administered. This post he temporarily vacated in 1857, on receiving the appointment of commissioner for codifying the laws of Lower Canada; and when this work was done he returned to his duties as judge.

Being superannuated for this office, Mr. Caron entered on the duties of lieutenant governor of Quebec in February, 1873, in the 73d year of his age.