Robert Blum, a German revolutionist, born in Cologne, Nov. 10, 1807, executed in Vienna, Nov. 9, 1848. He was the son of a journeyman cooper, and at the age of twelve obtained employment as mass servant, but afterward Found occupation in a lantern manufactory and was promoted to the counting house. He accompanied his employer on journeys through the southern states of Germany, and in 1829-80 resided with him at Berlin. Summoned in 1830 to the military service, he was dismissed alter six weeks and returned to Cologne, where he was employed as man of all work at the theatre. In 1831 he was appointed cashier and secretary of the Leipsic theatre, a post he held till 1847. From 1831 to 1837 he made contributions to the Leipsic family papers, such as the Komet, the Abendzeitung, etc, and published a "Theatrical Cyclopaedia," "Friend of the Constitution," an almanac entitled Vorwarts, etc. In 1840 he became one of the founders, and in 1841 one of the directors of the Schiller association, and of the association of German authors. His contributions to the Sachsische Vaterlandsblatter, a political journal, made him the object of government persecution. German Catholicism found a warm partisan in him.
He founded the German Catholic church at Leipsic, and became its spiritual director in 1845. On Aug. 12, 1845, when an immense meeting of armed citizens and students threatened to storm the riflemen's barracks at Leipsic, Blum by his elo-quence prevented a riot. The Saxon government continued its persecution against him and in 1847 suppressed the Vaterlandsblatter On the outbreak of the revolution of February, 1848, he became the centre of the liberal party of Saxony, founded the "Fatherland's Asso-Ciation, which soon mustered above 40 000 members, was vice president of the preliminary German parliament assembled at Frankfort after its dissolution a member of the committee it left behind, and ultimately representative of the city of Leipsic in the regular parliament. His political theory aimed at a German republic based on the different traditionary kinff-donm dukedoms, &c; since, in his opinion the latter alone were able to preserve intact what he considered a peculiar beauty of German society, the independent development of its different orders.
When the news of the Vienna insurrection of Oct. 6 reached Frankfort, he, in company with Frobel, carried to Vienna an address drawn up by the parliamentary opposition, which he handed to the municipal council of Vienna, Oct. 17. Having enrolled himself in the ranks of the students' corps, and commanded a barricade during the fight, he was taken prisoner, and, after the capture of Vienna by Windischgriitz, sentenced to the gallows, a punishment commuted to that of being shot. This execution took place at daybreak, in the Brigittenau.