Sabine, a river which rises in Hunt co. in N. E. Texas, runs S. E. about 250 m., when it reaches the E. boundary, and then generally S. with a curve to the east, separating Texas and Louisiana, and enters Sabine lake near the coast, the entire length being about 500 m. It has no large tributaries, and is navigable only in some parts, and that for very small vessels. - Lake Sabine lies between Texas and Louisiana, about 5 m. from the gulf of Mexico, with which it communicates by Sabine pass. It receives the waters of the Sabine and Neches rivers, and is about 18 m. long by 9 m. broad.
A W. Parish Of Louisiana, separated from Texas by the Sabine river, and drained by several of its tributaries, among which are the bayous St. Patries, San Miguel, Lennau, and Toreau; area, about 1,300 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 6,456, of whom 1,847 were colored. It has a nearly level surface and fertile soil. The chief productions in 1870 were 74,-520 bushels of Indian corn, 15,032 of sweet potatoes, and 2,350 bales of cotton. There were 736 horses, 1,521 milch cows, 5,022 other cattle, 1,512 sheep, and 9,091 swine. Capital, Manny.
An E. County Of Texas, separated from Louisiana by the Sabine river; area, 525 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 3,256, of whom 1,107 were colored. It has an undulating surface covered with forests, and a very fertile soil. The chief productions in 1870 were 86,839 bushels of Indian corn, 19,680 of sweet potatoes, 1,722 bales of cotton, 1,766 lbs. of wool, and 1,918 gallons of molasses. There were 831 horses, 1,634 milch cows, 983 working oxen, 4,120 other cattle, 1,598 sheep, and 10,-640 swine. Capital, Hemphill.
Sabines, an ancient people of Italy, embracing a large number of tribes conspicuous in the legends and history of Rome. They formed three principal groups: the Sabines proper; the Sabelli, divided into Vestini, Marsi, Marrucini, Peligni, Frentani, and Hir-pini; and the Samnites. They were migratory, and early spread over the central and southern regions of the peninsula. They were renowned for bravery, rustic simplicity of manners, love of freedom, and religious character. In peace they were ruled by republican magistrates, in times of war by sovereign commanders, called by the Roman historians dictators or kings. The Sabines proper, the least warlike of all, inhabited a mountainous district in the central Apennines, between the rivers Tiber, Nar (now Nera), and Anio (Te-verone), and surrounded by Latium, Etruria, Umbria, Picenum, and the territories of the Sabellians and Samnites. Their principal towns were Amiternum on the Aternus (Pescara), Cures, the birthplace of Numa Pompilius, Reate (Rieti) on the Nar, Nursia (Norcia), and Nomentum. The Sabines formed one of the constituent elements of the Roman people, a portion of them having become incorporated, according to the legend, with the subjects of Romulus on the termination of the war waged to revenge the rape of the Sabine women by the Roman youths.