Wilfred, Or Wilfrid, Saint, bishop of York, born about 634, died in the monastery of Oundle, Oct. 12, 709. In order to bring the Scottish church into accord with the rest of Christendom as to the time of celebrating Easter, he visited Rome in 654. In 664 he took a prominent part in the famous conference at Whitby, where he obtained from Alchfred, king of Northumbria, a decision in favor of the Roman usage. The king also nominated him bishop of York. In order to obtain orthodox consecration he went to Gaul, and was consecrated by the bishop of Paris. During his absence his opponents put Ceadda into his place, and he did not gain possession until 667. King Egfred, the successor of Alchfred, was hostile to Wilfred, and in 677 divided his bishopric into three. Wilfred appealed to Rome and obtained a decision in his favor; but Egfred imprisoned and then exiled him. On the death of Egfred he was restored to his original see. The quarrel between Wilfred and the Scottish party continued; a synod in 692 again divided the bishopric of York, and although his rights were again confirmed by a papal decree, he was not reinstated.