Congleton, a market town and borough of Cheshire, England, 22 m. S. of Manchester; pop. in 1871, 11,344. It is situated in a deep valley on the river Dane. The principal street, a mile in length, is paved and lighted with gas, and has many old houses of timber framing and plaster. There is an Episcopal church, a Catholic and several dissenting chapels, a town hall, public assembly rooms, and a number of charitable institutions. Silk manufacture is the staple industry, but there are also manufactories of cotton and leather. Near it are lime quarries worked under a cliff 1,091 ft. high.
Conglomerate, in geology, a rock composed of rounded pebbles, such as are seen frequently forming a beach rolled by the waves. These fragments of older rocks, cemented together by a calcareous, silicious, or argillaceous paste, constitute a conglomerate, or, as it is sometimes called, a puddingstone. The pebbles may be of any size larger than sand; when composed of the latter, the rock is called a sandstone. Strata of this nature are found in all the geological formations of sedimentary origin. The most interesting example, perhaps, is the great conglomerate bed which forms the floor of the coal formation, and is composed of white quartz pebbles of all sizes, up to that of a man's head. The rock is traced beneath the coal formation of the middle states, and a similar one occupies the same relative position in England, where it is known by the name of the millstone grit.
Congregation Of Rites, the name of a committee of cardinals in the Roman Catholic church, established by Sixtus V., and originally composed of six cardinals, with a number of secretaries and consultors. The number of members depends on the will of the reigning pope. In 1875 it comprised 17 cardinals, 25 consultors, and 11 officials, including secretary, promoters of the faith, and assessors, besides the papal masters of ceremonies. The matters exclusively within its cognizance are the liturgy, the rites of the administration of the sacraments, the rubrics of the missal and breviary, the ceremonial of the church in all public functions, and the proceedings in the beatification and canonization of saints. The congregation meets once a month at the residence of the prefect, who is always the senior cardinal of the board.
Congregation Of Saint-Maur, a congregation of reformed Benedictines in France. Their body was organized in 1618, and confirmed in 1621 and 1627. It comprised at one time about 124 houses, was divided into seven provinces, and was governed by a general residing in Paris. Literature owes to this congregatian the best collective editions of the Greek and Latin fathers. Montfaucon, Mabillon, and Ruinart belonged to it. The congregation was broken up by the French revolution. In 1833 the convent was restored at Solesme in the diocese of Le Mans.