Gustav Lndwig Theodor Marezoll, a German jurist, born in Gottingen. Feb. 13,1794, died in Leipsic, Feb. 25, 1873. He was a son of Johann Gottlob Marezoll (1761-1828 ), an eloquent Protestant clergyman, whose writings, especially his Andachtshuch fiir das weibliche Geschlecht (2 vols.. Leipsic, 1788-'9), had many editions and translations. He studied in Jena and Gottingen, where he took his degree in 1815; and was professor at Giessen from 1817 to 1837, and subsequently at Leipsic till 1864, when he retired. His principal works are: Lehrbuch der Institutional des romischen Rechts (Leipsic, 1839; 9th ed„ 1869), and Das gemeine deutsche Criminalrecht (1841; 3d ed., 1856).
Gustav Schwab, a German poet, born in Stuttgart, June 19, 1792, died there, Nov. 4, 1850. He studied in Tübingen, where he was tutor in the theological seminary till 1817, when he became professor of ancient literature in the upper gymnasium of Stuttgart. From 1837 to 1845 he was a clergyman near and in Stuttgart, and subsequently he became chief councillor of studies and of the evangelical consistory. His Swabian romances and ballads rank next to those of Uhland. His principal poetical works are: Gedichte (2 vols., 1828-'9); Fünf Bücher deutscher Lie-der und Gedichte (1835; 5th ed., 1871); and Neue Auswahl (1838; 4th ed., 1851). Prominent among his prose writings are Die schön-sten Sagen des classischen Alterthums (3 vols., 1838-'40; 4th ed., 1853), and Schiller's Leben (1840; 2d ed., 3 parts, 1841-'4).
Gustave Droz, a French author, born in Paris, June 9, 1832. He studied at the colleges of Stanislas and Henry IV., and received subsequently instruction in drawing and painting at the school of fine arts. In 1864 he joined Marcellin in editing the journal La me parisienne, and published in it a series of works, under the pseudonyme of Gustave Z., which passed through 20 editions within two years, as separate volumes entitled Monsieur, Madame et Bebe; Entre nous; and Le cahier bleu de Mlle. Cibot. His style presents a strange mixture of malice, skepticism, and mirth, though he describes the miseries and sorrows of life with great delicacy and deep feeling. He has since published Autour d'ume source (1869) and Un paquet de lettres (1871). His works have been translated into English.
Gustave Hippolyte Roger, a French singer, born near Paris, Aug. 27, 1815. He studied at the conservatory, and was engaged as a tenor at the opéra comique from 1838 to 1846, after which he accompanied Jenny Lind to London. Subsequently he appeared in grand operas, but not as successfully as on the comic stage. In Berlin he won favor in Les Huguenots and in La dame blanche, in Munich in La Juive, and in Hamburg in Le prophète, when he sang in German. He was again at the grand opera in Paris from 1855 to 1859. In the latter year he lost an arm while hunting; and though he subsequently appeared with an artificial arm, he never recovered his former popularity. In 1868 he was appointed professor of singing at the conservatory.