Gustav Heinrieh Gans Zu Putlitz, a German poet, born at Retzien, Prussia, March 20, 1821. He studied in Magdeburg, Berlin, and Heidelberg, and was employed in the civil service from 1846 to 1848. In 1863 he became director of the court theatre at Schwerin. His exquisite fairy poem, Was sich der Wald erzählt (Berlin, 1850; 32d ed., 1872), served as a model for many similar works, and was followed by Vergiss-meinnicht (1851; 9th ed., 1872), Die Halben (1869), Walpurgis (1870), and Funken unter der Asche (1871). He has also written Branden-turger Geschichten (Stuttgart, 1862), Novellen (1863), and numerous dramas and comedies, the latter collected in many volumes, 1850-69. His collected works appeared in 1872.
Gustav Hugo, a German jurist, born at Lor-rach, Baden, Nov. 23, 1764, died in Gottingen Sept. 16, 1844. He studied at Gottingen from 1782' to 1785, and first became known by his edition of the " Fragments of Ulpian " (Gottingen, 1788). In 1788 he was appointed professor extraordinary and in 1792 regular professor of law at the university of Gottingen. He was one of the first to- follow the example of Leibnitz and of Putter, presenting the Roman law classified with reference to the principal eras of its history. His principal works are: Lehr-buch der Geschichte des romischen Rechts (Berlin, 1790; 9th ed., 1824); Lehrbuch eines ciilistischen Cursus (7 vols., 1799-1812); and Beitrage zur civilistischen Biicherkenntniss der letzten vierzig Jahre (2 vols., 1829). He edited the Civilistische Magazin from 1814 to 1837.
Gustav Jager, a German painter, born in Leipsic, July 12, 1808, died there, April 29, 1871. He studied in Dresden, Munich, and Rome, assisted his former master Schnorr in fresco paintings in Munich, and executed many works of the kind in that city and in Weimar. In 1847 he became director of the Leipsic academy of fine arts. His productions include "The Death of Moses," "The Interment of Christ," and an altarpiece for the new church in Len-genfeld.
Gustav Kuhne, a German novelist, born in Magdeburg, Dec. 27, 1806. He graduated as doctor of philosophy in Berlin, and has published several novels, of which his Kloster-novellen (Leipsic, 1838) and Die Rebellen ton Irland (1840) are the best. His Deutsche Manner und Frauen (Leipsic, 1851) is one of his most popular works. He has since published Skizzen deutscher Stadte und Landschaften, and a novel entitled Missionar und Proselyl. He belongs to the " Young Germany " school of politicians and writers, and has done much to promote the establishment of kindergartens after the plan of Froebel, and published on the subject Frobel's Tod und der Fortbestand seiner Lehre (Liebenstein, 1852). He purchased from Lewald the magazine Europa in 1846, and continued it till 1859. In 1852 he removed to Dresden. His recent publications comprise Mein Tagebuch in bewegter Zeit (Leipsic, 1863), and a collection of his works (7 vols., 1862-'6).