Schwerin, a town of Germany, capital of the grand duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, on the W. side of the lake of the same name, 18 m. S. of its seaport Wismar; pop. in 1871, 26,804. It consists of the Altstadt and the Neu-, Vor-, and Paulstadt, the last three being of modern origin and the most attractive. The grand ducal palace is an imposing building on an island in the lake, on the same spot where there was a castle in the 12th century, which was restored by Wallenstein. The new palace was begun in 1845 and finished in 1858, and is surrounded by beautiful pleasure grounds. The Dom or cathedral, recently restored, is a fine Gothic structure. Tobacco manufacture is the principal industry. It is a place of great antiquity, and is mainly indebted for its embellishments to the grand duke Paul Frederick (1837-'42), whose statue by Rauch stands in front of the theatre.
Palace of Schwerin.