Jean Francois De Saint-Lambert, a French poet, born in Nancy, Dec. 26, 1716, died in Paris, Feb. 9, 1803. He was connected with the court of King Stanislas, where he met Voltaire and his mistress, the marchioness du Châtelet, who died in giving birth to a child by him. Voltaire continued to befriend him nevertheless. His next and lifelong mistress was Mme. d'Houdetot, with whom Rousseau was also in love. After serving in the army in 1756-7, he was one of the leaders of literary society in Paris. He published miscellaneous works, of which his minor poems are the best. His elaborate poem Les saisons (1769; revised and enlarged ed., 1771) gained his admission to the academy.
Jean Francois Ducis, a French poet, born in Versailles, Aug. 22, 1733, died there, March 31, 1816. His first publication was the unsuccessful tragedy of Amelise. He afterward adapted several of the plays of Shakespeare to the French stage with considerable success. Of his original dramatic works the best is his Abufar, ou la famille arabe. In the latter part of his life he wrote some shorter poems. He refused the place of senator offered him by Napoleon, though he was at the time in great poverty. His works were published in Paris in 1819, in 3 vols.
Jean Francois Joseph de Belle, a French general, born at Voreppe, in Dauphiny, May 27, 1767, died in Santo Domingo in June, 1802. He entered the army in 1789, and earned rapid promotion; distinguishing himself before Dus-seldorf, he was made general in 1795. He was in the Italian campaign of 1799, and on the fatal day of Novi, when, Joubert having fallen, the French army was forced to retreat, he directed the artillery. In 1801 he was in the army which sailed under command of Leclerc to reduce Santo Domingo; he participated in the action which compelled Maurepas to capitulate, and soon after attacked the army of Dessalines, forced him to retreat, and pursued the fugitives into the fort of Crete-a-Pierrot. De Belle himself, while advancing at the head of his column, was severely wounded, carried from the field of battle, and soon died.
Jean Francois Le Sieur, a French composer, born at Drucat-Plessiel, near Abbeville, Feb. 15,1760, died near Paris, Oct, 6, 1837. He was educated in Amiens, where he acquired a considerable knowledge of the theory of music, and at 26 years of age was appointed chapel-master of Notre Dame in Paris. In 1795 he became one of the inspectors of studies in the conservatory; in 1804 chapelmaster to Napoleon, which office he held until the restoration; and in 1814 royal director of music and chapelmaster. He is the author of five operas very celebrated in their day: La caverne (1793), Paul et Virginie (1794), Telemaque (1796), Les bardes (1804), and La mort d'Adam (1809). He also wrote, in connection with Persuis, L'Inauguration du temple de la Victoire (1807), and Le triomphe de Trajan (1807); and he was the author of more than 30 masses, oratorios, and sacred compositions, besides a highly esteemed work on the music adapted to sacred solemnities.