Caiaphas (styled by Josephus "Joseph who was also Caiaphas"), a Jewish high priest from about A. D.27 to 36. He was appointed by the Roman procurator Valerius Gratus in place of Simon son of Camith, and having been deposed by the proconsul Vitellius was succeeded by Jonathan, son of Annas or Ananus. Annas, the father-in-law of Caiaphas, had formerly been high priest, and in the Gospel of Luke the names of Caiaphas and Annas are coupled together as high priests. Some have supposed that they exercised the functions of the office jointly or by turns; others, that Annas was so called because he had formerly been high priest; but the prevalent theory is that Annas was at the time of the trial of Christ the sagan or deputy of Caiaphas. Jesus, having been apprehended, was first brought before Annas, by whom he was sent to Caiaphas. The latter, not having the power of capital punishment, sent him to Pilate, the Roman governor, who unwillingly condemned him to death. Caiaphas belonged to the sect of the Sadducees, and opposed the early labors of the apostles.