Carlo Poerio, baron, an Italian statesman, born in Naples in April, 1803, died in Florence, April 28, 1867. He early followed his father into political exile, and was repeatedly under arrest after returning to Naples. Under the constitutional government of 1848 he was successively prefect of police and minister of education, and after its overthrow in May opposed the government in parliament till March, 1849, when he was tried with others by a special tribunal and sentenced to 24 years' hard labor, and was transferred from prison to ■prison with ever increasing indignity. Mr. Gladstone, while in Italy in 1851, denounced the injustice of Poerio's trial and the rigor of his prison life in a letter addressed to Lord Aberdeen, which created a profound sensation. Nevertheless Poerio was detained till the end of 1858, and was then released only on condition of going to the United States; but the captain of the American vessel on which he embarked landed him in England, where he remained. In 1859 he returned to Italy, where in the following year he was elected to the parliament of Turin, of which he became vice president in 1861. Although poor, he refused public office, and was one of the noblest of the Italian patriots.
See Morte di Carlo Poerio, by Settembrini (Naples, 1867). - His brother Alessandro died in 1848 from a wound received at the siege of Venice. His Poesie edite e postume appeared at Florence in 1852.