Carlos Auersperg, prince, an Austrian statesman, born May 1, 1814. Though the head of the principal branch of his family, one of the oldest in the empire, he lived in retirement on his estates till the reestablishment of constitutional government by the imperial patent of February, 1861. He was appointed by Schmerling president of the upper chamber of the Vienna Reichsrath, and has since in various capacities, in that assembly and as representative of the Bohemian landed nobility at the diet of Prague, performed a very conspicuous part in defence of the constitutional system against clerical and feudal reaction, of the interests of the German nationality against the Czechs, and of the unity of the empire against federation. He readily accepted, however, the dualistic platform of 1867, and cooperated in establishing and maintaining the new order of things in Austro-Hungary. Early in 1868 he became president of the so-called "citizens' cabinet" in Cisleithan Austria, but the transactions of Count Beust, the imperial chancellor, with the Czechs obliged him to retire in the autumn of the same year.