Carmontelle,or Carmontel, a French playwright and artist, born in Paris, Aug. 25, 1717, died Dec. 20, 1806. He excelled as a writer of short plays (proverbes) adapted for private theatricals, and as an amateur artist. He became a great favorite in society, and was appointed reader to the duke of Orleans, as well as the director of festivities, and designer of the famous park of Monceaux, his exquisite taste being constantly called into requisition by the royal family and the fashionable classes. After the revolution he was saved from want by an amateur conferring a pension upon him of 4,000 francs, in consideration of the acquisition of his transparent (pastel paintings over 100 ft. long, which can be unrolled), He wrote and sketched with remarkable rapidity. His principal works are his Proverhes dramatlques (8 vols., Paris, 1768-'81); two additional volumes were published in 1811, and a new edition by Mme, de Genlis appeared in 1825 under the title of Proverhes et comedies postlnnnes de Ccirmontel, in 3 vols.
He also wrote more than 25 comedies contained in his Theatre de campagne (4 vols., Paris, 1775), and several novels.