Cauliflower (hrassica oleracea botrytis, De Candolle), a cultivated plant of the cabbage tribe. It has a compact rounded head of delicate flavor, standing on a stalk 18 to 2G inches in height, and surrounded by long leaves. The leaves are not closely packed as in the cabbage.

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It is more tender than the cabbage, and in transplanting should have a ball of earth lifted with the roots to secure a continuous growth. In the vicinity of New York two crops are raised in the kitchen garden in one season. If the early cauliflower does not come to perfection by the end of June, it will usually fail to head, from the excessive heat at that time. To obtain plants for this crop seeds should be sown in September in good soil, and in about four weeks transplanted to a cold frame, set two or three inches apart, and carefully protected by glass during the winter, being opened to the air only during warm days. In February they should be set into another frame, eight to twelve inches apart, to prevent a spindling growth. They should be transplanted as early in the spring as possible, at a distance of three feet from each other, and well watered and frequently hoed during the dry weather. At the time of heading, the larger leaves may be broken over the head to protect it from the sun, and the waterings should be frequent.

For a late crop the seeds are sown in an open bed in May, and the transplanting is in July. Those plants which do not head before frost may be removed to a warm shed or cellar, covered with coarse litter, and allowed to head •during early winter.