Cavery, Or Canvery (Anc. Chaleris), a river of southern India, rises among the Coorg hills, near the W. or Malabar coast, 4,000 ft. above the level of the sea, in lat. 12° 25' N., lon. 75° 34' E. It flows in a circuitous course mainly S. E., traversing the whole breadth of the peninsula, and falls into the bay of Bengal, on the E. or Coromandel coast. In the vicinity of Tri-chinopoly it separates into several branches (the principal of which is the Coleroon river, 92 m. long), which descend in separate falls of 200 and 300 ft., and enter the sea by numerous mouths in the province of Tanjore. The whole course of the Cavery is about 470 m., and it is navigable only for small boats. The craft in use are circular baskets, from 9 to 14 ft. in diameter, covered with buffalo leather. In these produce is brought down the river, but as the violence of the stream makes upward navigation impossible, they are taken to pieces and the leather carried back on the heads of the crew.