Charles Adolphe Wurtz, a French chemist, born in Strasburg, Nov. 26, 1817. He became chief of the chemical department in the medical faculty at Strasburg in 1839, and took his degree there in 1843. Subsequently he was connected with institutions at Paris and Versailles. After the death of Orfila in 1853 and the retirement of Dumas in 1854, their chairs were united in that of medical chemistry, and given to Wurtz. In 1856 he became a member of the medical academy, in 1866 dean of the faculty of medicine, and in 1867 of the academy of sciences, at whose suggestion the biennial prize of 20,000 francs had been awarded to him in 1865. He began in 1842 to write for the Annales de chimie et physique, and since 1858 he has edited the Repertoire de chimie pure. On Dec. 3, 1875, he submitted to the French academy the first specimen of gallium, a new metal discovered by Lecoq de Boisbaudran. His works include Traite elementaire de chimie medicate (3 vols., Paris, 1864 - '5); Lecons élémentaires de chimie moderne (1866-'8); Dictionnaire de chimie pure et appliquee (1868 et seq.), with an introduction published separately under the title of Histoire des doctrines chimiques (1868); and Les hautes etudes pratiques dans les unwersites allemandes (1870). Among English translations of his works are: "Chemical Philosophy according to Modern Theories" (London, 1867), and "Theory from the Age of Lavoisier " (1869).