Charles Baudin Des Ardennes, a French naval officer, born at Sedan, July 21, 1784, died in Paris in June, 1854. In 1812, as lieutenant in command of the brig Renard, accompanying an expedition of 14 sail with munitions from Genoa to Toulon, he conducted his convoy safely into the harbor of St. Tropez, though continually pursued by English cruisers; but his flag ship was immediately after attacked by an English brig, which he disabled after a desperate conflict. For this service he was made captain of a frigate. After the restoration he resigned, and in 1816 entered the merchant service, but after the July revolution reentered the navy. In 1838 he was made rear admiral, and commanded an expedition of 23 ships against Mexico. Failing to effect an amicable settlement with the Mexican government, he bombarded, Nov. 27, 1838, the fortress of San Juan de Ulloa, which surrendered on the following day. On Dec. 5 he made an attack on Vera Cruz, which was repelled by the Mexicans under Santa Anna, who lost a leg in the action; and the French were compelled to reembark and retire from Mexico. Baudin was now promoted to the rank of vice admiral, and in 1840 was sent as military and diplomatic plenipotentiary to the republic of Buenos Ayres, and intrusted with the chief command of the French fleet in the South American waters.
He was marine prefect at Toulon from 1841 to 1847. In March, 1848, he was appointed commander of the French fleet in the Mediterranean, and on May 15, when Naples was threatened by the lazzaroni and soldiery, the presence of his fleet kept the rioters in check. In September the French fleet, in conjunction with that of Great Britain, protected Messina against the designs of Filangieri. Baudin was also successful in recovering at Naples and Tunis sums due to French residents. In July, 1849, he withdrew from active service.