Charles De, Or Debrosses Brosses, a French author, born at Dijon, Feb. 17, 1709, died in Paris, May 17, 1777. He was early proficient in science, jurisprudence, and literature, spent some time in Italy, was president of the parliaments of Dijon and Burgundy, and a member of the academy of inscriptions and belles-lettres; but having excited the enmity of Voltaire by criticising his Bictionnaire philosophique, he was not admitted to the French academy. His principal works are: Lettres sur Vetat actuel de la mile souterraine d'Herculanum, the earliest publication on that subject (Dijon, 1750); His-toire des navigations aux terres australes, written at the request of Buffon, and introducing for the first time the designations Australasia and Polynesia (2 vols., 1756); Traite de la formation mecanique des langues (2 vols., 1765); and a collection of about 700 passages of Sallust, with elaborate comments, under the title of Histoire du septieme siecle de la republique romaine (3 vols., 1777). The last volume included a small portion of the original text, the publication of the rest, which was to form a quarto volume, being prevented by his death.
Le president de Brosses, histoire des lettres et des parlements du 18me siecle, was published in 1842.