Chartism, a political creed in England, which takes its name from a proposed charter or bill of rights, known as the "people's charter," drawn up in 1838, the principal points of which were universal suffrage, vote by ballot, paid representatives, abolition of property qualification for representatives, annual parliaments, and equal electoral districts. These were the essential points, and are known as the six points of chartism. They had been previously advocated separately or two or more of them in conjunction; but chartism, as a distinctive political creed, took its rise in the wide-spread distress and popular disappointment that followed the adoption of the reform bill of 1832. The movement in favor of chartism was attended in many instances by popular outbreaks and riots, which were promptly suppressed by the government, and many prominent chartists were imprisoned and transported. The last disturbances occurred about the time of the French revolution of 1848, since which time chartism as an organization has gradually died out, the last public meeting having been held in 1857. Two of the six points have since been adopted: the abolition of the property qualification of members of parliament, in 1858, and the vote by ballot, in 1872.