Cherusci, a Gorman tribe, celebrated for their great victory over the Romans under Varus. They are first mentioned by Caesar. They dwelt on both sides of the Weser, border-ing S. on the Suevi, from whom they were separated by the Bacenis forest, probably the western part of the Thuringian mountains, N. E. on the Elbe and the Longobardi, N. W. on the Angrivarii, and S. W. on the Catti. The elder Drusus first led a Roman army through their country, advancing as far as the Elbe; but their ensuing subjection to the empire was soon ended by the great German conspiracy under Arminius, and the destruction of the legions of Quintilius Varus in the Teutoburg forest, in the year 9 of the Christian era. The dissensions, however, which broke out between Arminius and Segestus, his father-in-law, allowed Ger-manicus to invade their country in the years 15 and 16. He defeated Arminius, but was soon compelled to return. In 17, the Longo-bardi having gone over from the league of the Marcomanni to that of the Cherusci, Arminius was victorious over Marbod (Maroboduus), the king of the Marcomanni. After the death of Arminius intestine struggles weakened the power of the Cherusci; an ensuing period of peace made them indolent and unwarlike, according to Tacitus, but they still appear as an important people in several later leagues of the Saxon tribes, in whose general name they became merged.
They are last mentioned by Claudian, toward the close of the 4th century.