Christoph Wilhelm Hufeland, a German physician, born at Langensalza, Thuringia, Aug. 12, 1762, died in Berlin, Aug. 25, 1836. He studied at Jena and Gottingen, graduated as M. D. in 1783, and was appointed professor of medicine at Jena in 1793. In 1798 he removed to Berlin, and after the establishment of the university of Berlin (1809) he became professor there of special pathology and therapeutics. His work on the art of prolonging life (Makro-biotilc, oder die Kunst das menschliche Leben zu verlangern, Jena, 1796; 8th ed., Berlin, 1860) was translated into several European languages. Among his other works is one on scrofulous diseases (Ueber die Natur, Erl-ennt-nissmittel und Heilart der Slcrophelkranlcheit, Jena, 1795). His work on the physical training of infants Guter Rath an Mutter uber die wichtigsten Punkte der physischen Erzieliung der Kinder in den ersten Jahren, Berlin, 1799; 10th ed., 1866) produced many reforms in the system of education; while his Enchiridion Medicum (Berlin, 1836; 10th ed., 1857), which gives the experiences of his 50 years of practice, is still consulted. His System der praktischen Heilkunde (Jena and Leipsic, 1800-'5), and his Geschichte der Gesundheit (Berlin, 1812), are much esteemed.
He introduced the system of mortuary houses for the prevention of burying alive, the first of which was erected at Weimar under his superintendence; and endowed charitable institutions for poor physicians and physicians' widows. His autobiography, edited by Goschen, was published in 1863.