Claudius Nero, a Roman general, consul in B. C. 207, who inflicted a blow on the Carthaginians which contributed not a little to render the Romans victorious in the second Punic war. He was in the south of Italy contending with Hannibal, when Hasdrubal, after crossing the Alps, was advancing from the north to the assistance of his brother. Elated at having triumphed over so many difficulties, and at being on the eve of accomplishing the great object of his expedition, Hasdrubal, unconscious of danger, sent messengers to Hannibal to announce his approach. These messengers fell into the hands of the Romans, and were brought into the presence of the consul, who learned from them how imminent was the danger that hung over his country and himself. On the very day in which the messengers of Hasdrubal were seized, the consul and his legions marched northward to form a junction with the army of Livius, and to overwhelm the Carthaginian with the combined strength of the two armies. Hasdrubal meantime, during his advance toward the south, was led by treacherous guides into an intricate and rugged region on the banks of the Metaurus, where neither his cavalry nor elephants could act, and where his army was cut to pieces and himself slain by the forces of the consuls.

After this victory, which may be said to have saved Rome, Claudius Nero returned to the south with the head of Ilasdrubal, which he ordered to be thrown into the camp of Hannibal as an evidence of the disaster that had at once befallen his brother, his country, and himself. Horace's Quid debeas, o Roma, Neronibus, was written in honor of Claudius.

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See Claudius Nero.