Cloquet. I. Hippolyte, a French physician, born in Paris in 1787, died there, March 3, 1840. He was for 15 years the most distinguished private teacher of anatomy of his time, but fell into a state of complete mental debility. Among his works, long highly valued, are treatises on descriptive and on comparative anatomy, on odors and the sense of smell, etc. - His son Ernest (1818 - '55) was from 1840 physician to the shah of Persia, receiving the title of privy councillor, and was also accredited as minister of France at his court. II. Jules Germain, baron, a French physician, brother of Hippolyte, born in Paris, Dec. 18, 1790. He commenced the study of medicine at an early age, earned distinction in anatomy and surgery while very young, became one of the most eminent surgeons in the world, and was for many years professor of surgery in the faculty of Paris. Besides his great work on human anatomy ( 3 vols, large fob, with 240 plates, 1821 - '31), he wrote numerous important works on hernia, on calculi and the diseases of the urinary organs, on the preparation and construction of skeletons, on the existence and disposition of a lachrymal apparatus in serpents, and on the anatomy of intestinal worms.
Several of his dissertations obtained prizes from the academy of sciences and other learned societies. He invented many new surgical instruments, and several important methods of performing surgical operations. He also introduced improvements in the art of modelling anatomical preparations in wax; and many of his own exquisite preparations are preserved in the anatomical museum of the medical faculty of Paris. In 1831 he obtained by public competition the chair of clinical surgery of the faculty of Paris; in 1855 he succeeded Lallemand as member of the academy of sciences; in 1860 he was made commander of the legion of honor, and in 18G7 a baron. Besides his professional works, he published Souvenirs de la vie privee du general Lafayette.