Cornelia. I. A Roman Matron, the younger daughter of P. Scipio Africanus the elder, and of Aemilia, daughter of L. Aemilius Paulus, who was killed at Cannae (216 B. 0.). She was of the highest birth in Rome, yet became the wife of T. Sempronius Gracchus, a member of a plebeian family renowned for its popular sympathies and acts. She was the mother of twelve children, only three of whom lived to adult age: Sempronia, who was married to the younger Africanus, and the two famous tribunes, Tiberius and Caius Gracchus. Eminent for gravity and virtue, she had a cultivated mind, and was familiar with the language and literature of Greece. After the death of her husband she was a central figure of Roman society, and gathered around her all that was noble, learned, and high-minded in the republic. She refused an offer of marriage from Ptolemy, king of Egypt, and after the murder of Caius Gracchus (121) retired to Misenum, a place much affected by the Roman nobility, and spent several years in the exercise.of hospitality, and in the society of men of letters. Her house became in after times the residence of Marius and Lucullus, and the emperor Tiberius died there. She survived Caius Gracchus some years, and must have lived to extreme old age.
Her character is the purest of any woman's mentioned in the historical period of Rome.
11. A daughter of P. C. Scipio, who was consul in 52 B. C. She was married first to Publius Crassus, son of the triumvir, and was left a widow by his death at the battle of Carrhoa (53); and afterward to Pompey, who when the civil war commenced sent her to Lesbos, which she left, regretted by the people, after the battle of Pharsalia (48). Accompanying Pompey in his flight to Egypt, Cornelia was an eve-witness of her husband's murder, after which she fled to Cyprus and thence to Cyrene.