Correze, a southern department of France, bordering on the departments of Haute-Yienne, Creuse, Puy-de-D6me, Cantal, Lot, and Dor-dogne; area, 2,265 sq. m.; pop. in 1872, 302,-746. It was formed from the ancient province of Limousin, and takes its name from the river Correze, a branch of the Vezere, which has its whole course in this department. The surface is hilly, and in the north (Montagne) there are mountains 4,000 ft. high and covered with snow most of the year. This district is stony and sterile, but the south is more fertile. Besides the Correze, the principal rivers are the Dordogne and Vezere, which cross the department from N. to S. The chief products are rye, buckwheat, and potatoes. Some wine is produced, but it is of poor quality. A considerable number of oxen are raised for the Paris market and for work, and there are more than 400,000 sheep, chiefly of native breed. A coal mine is worked at Lapleau, and there are also mines of lead; iron, copper, and antimony, most of which are poorly worked and produce little. The chief manufactures are guns, which are made at Tulle, and cotton. The peasants are poor, their food consisting mainly of buckwheat, potatoes, and chestnuts, the last of which are very abundant.
The department is divided into the arrondissements of Tulle, Brives, and Ussel. Capital, Tulle.