Curtius. I. Ernst, a German archaeologist and historian, born in Lubeck, Sept. 2, 1814. He studied at Bonn, Gottingen, and Berlin, travelled in Greece and Italy, and was appointed preceptor of Frederick William, the present crown prince of Germany. In 1844 he became professor at the university of Berlin, and afterward of classical philology and archaeology at Gottingen, which post he retained till 1865. In 1870 he was made chief director of the Berlin museums. His principal works are Pelojwnnesos (2 vols., 1851-'2), Die Ionier tor cler ionischen Wandervvg (1855), Grie-chische Geschichte (3 vols., 1857-'67), and At-tische Studien (1863-'4). All these have been translated into English, the history of Greece by A. W. Ward (5 vols., 1868-'73). In 1872 he published Geschichte und Topographie Klein Asiens. II. Georg, a German pbilologist, brother of the preceding, born in Lubeck, April 16, 1820. His Griechische Schulgrammatik (1852) has passed through many editions and translations. His other principal works are: Erldu-terungen zu meiner Griechischen Schulgrammatik (1863); Grundzuge der griechischen Etymologic (1858-'62); and Studien zur griechischen und lateinischen Grammatik (5 vols., 1868-'72). In 1849 he became professor in Prague, in 1854 in Kiel, and in 1862 in Leipsic.