Cutch, a native state of Hindostan, under the superintendence of the Bombay government, bounded N. W. and N. by Sinde, E. by the Guicowar's dominions, S. by the peninsula of Catty war and the gulf of Cutch, and S. W. by the Arabian sea. It lies between lat. 22° 47' and 24° 40' N., and lon. 68° 26' and 71° 45' E.; greatest length from E. to W. 205 m., breadth 110 m.; area, exclusive of the great salt marsh called the Runn of Cutch, which covers the 1ST. part of the territory, and communicates with the gulf, 6,764 sq. m.; pop. about 500,000. The Runn is 160 m. long from E. to W., from 4 to 80 m. wide, and about 7,000 sq. m. in area, including several islands. During the rainy season it is impassable except in a very few places, and the S. part of the country becomes a vast island; but as the waters subside tolerable pastures appear here and there, and barren sand banks, covered with saline incrustations, are left exposed. The rest of the surface is hilly, two low mountain ranges traversing it E. and W., and exhibits traces of volcanic action. Earthquakes are occasionally felt, and in 1819 a severe shock destroyed several hundred lives, and raised a mound of sand and earth several miles in extent, while a corresponding depression took place in the neighborhood.
With the exception of a few fertile tracts, the country is sterile and almost destitute of perennial rivers. The agricultural staple is cotton, besides which there are plantations of sugar and of the common grains of India. Timber is scarce, but there are valuable minerals, including coal, iron, and alum. Cutch produces excellent horses, a poor breed of oxen, and numerous sheep and goats. Wild asses are met with in large herds near the Runn. The principal towns are Bhooj, the modern capital, and An-jar. The dominant race is a Rajpoot tribe, under a ruler bearing the title of rao or row, and about 200 chiefs of the same family, each independent in his own district, and who compose a general council.