Saline, a river of Arkansas, rising in the N. part of Saline co., and flowing S. E., S., and S. W. into the Washita river. Its length is about 200 m. It is navigable at high water by boats of considerable size 70 or 80 m. from its mouth. It has a number of small tributaries.

Saline #1

Saline, the name of five counties in the United States.

I. A Central County Of Arkansas

A Central County Of Arkansas, drained by Saline river; area, about 800 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 3,911, of whom 185 were colored. The surface is level in the S. part and hilly elsewhere, and the soil is productive. Marble, quartz, and soapstone are found in large quantities. The chief productions in 1870 were 10,890 bushels of wheat, 186,040 of Indian corn, 15,899 of sweet and 5,874 of Irish potatoes, 69,292 lbs. of butter, 11,457 of honey, 3,816 of tobacco, 3,438 of wool, and 603 bales of cotton. There were 779 horses, 259 mules and asses, 1,518 milch cows, 2,350 other cattle, 2,049 sheep, and 11,221 swine. Capital, Benton.

II. A S. E. County Of Illinois; Area

A S. E. County Of Illinois; Area, 370 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 12,714. The surface is generally level and well timbered, and the soil is fertile. It is traversed by the Cairo and Vincennes railroad and a branch of the St. Louis and Southeastern. The chief productions in 1870 were 83,211 bushels of wheat, 531,516 of Indian corn, 69,793 of oats, 24,247 of Irish and 11,600 of sweet potatoes, 3,149 tons of hay, 1,155,941 lbs. of tobacco, 29,274 of wool, 198,462 of butter, and 23,252 gallons of sorghum molasses. There were 3,467 horses, 1,109 mules and asses, 2,888 milch cows, 4,542 other cattle, 15,018 sheep, and 20,576 swine. Capital, Harrisburg.

III. A Central County Of Missouri

A Central County Of Missouri, bounded N. and E. by the Missouri river, and intersected by the Black and Salt forks of La Mine river; area, 750 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 21,672, of whom 3,754 were colored. The surface is mostly prairie and the soil fertile. Bituminous coal, lead, limestone, and sandstone are found; and there are numerous salt springs. The chief productions in 1870 were 396,645 bushels of wheat, 2,106,043 of Indian corn, 323,806 of oats, 80,670 of potatoes, 10,424 tons of hay, 215,475 lbs. of tobacco, 47,018 of wool, 339,108 of butter, 28,528 of honey, and 10,566 gallons of sorghum molasses. There were 8,083 horses, 3,279 mules and asses, 7,171 milch cows, 14,202 other cattle, 16,310 sheep, and 46,231 swine; 10 flour mills, and 10 saw mills. Capital, Marshall.

IV. A Central County Of Kansas

A Central County Of Kansas, intersected by the Saline and Smoky Hill rivers; area, 720 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 4,246. It is traversed by the Kansas Pacific railroad. The soil is fertile. Timber grows along the streams, and there are salt springs. The chief productions in 1870 were 67,586 bushels of wheat, 225,048 of Indian corn, 20,931 of oats, 30,220 of potatoes, 40,331 lbs. of butter, and 10,862 tons of hay. There were 1,425 horses, 1,867 milch cows, 3,824 other cattle, and 1,392 swine. Capital, Saline.

V. A S. E. County Of Nebraska

A S. E. County Of Nebraska, intersected by Big Blue river and watered by its affluents; area, 576 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 3,106. It is intersected by the Burlington and Missouri River railroad and the Beatrice branch. The surface is undulating and the soil fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 19,061 bushels of wheat, 33,570 of Indian corn, 5,809 of potatoes, 11,885 lbs. of butter, and 1,051 tons of hay. There were 340 horses, 257 milch cows, 414 other cattle, 696 sheep, and 384 swine. Capital, Pleasant Hill.